Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Defining IT “Business Value” Under Conditions of Economic Uncertainty
36-48Creative Commons License

Athanasios G. Giannopoulos

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2017.03.04

Published: 02 May 2017

Abstract:Investment in Information Technology (IT) has typically been justified as playing a crucial role in assisting business and other Organisations in conducting their business in a more efficient and effective way. The implied “value” that results from such investments is known as “IT business value” and its definition and measurement under conditions of economic austerity and uncertainty is the main subject of this paper.

The question is why, under such conditions, many Organisations fail to realize the positive impacts expected from IT investment, which by itself is then rather scarce and difficult to attain. To answer this question we concentrate in this paper on the issues of IT business value measurement and more specifically we attempt to answer the research question of how best to define the “business value” of IT and what factors may affect it.

The paper first puts forward the main definitions used for both “IT” and “Business value” in the literature. It then goes on to present and critically examine the most prominent of the existing methodologies for measuring “IT Business value” again by resorting to a relevant literature search. Then, we examine the special influencing factors that are at work in times of economic austerity and uncertainty and puts forward a framework for analyzing IT Business value under conditions of economic austerity. This framework is presented in terms of its elements and a description of their main characteristics and measures (metrics). Finally, before the conclusions, a list of the critical success factors for IT investment is presented which is based on a previous published work of the author.

Keywords: Business value, Information Technology, economic austerity, IT, Information Systems.


Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Lattices Generated by Information Systems and their Internal Structure - Pages 1-7
Creative Commons License

Józef Winkowski

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2018.04.01

Published: 10 May 2018 

Abstract: The paper exploits the fact that every information system generates a family of equivalence relations in the set of considered objects, and the corresponding family of partitions of this set, and that this family is a lattice with certain properties. It describes the internal structure of any lattice with such properties and shows that such a lattice is generated by an information system. 

Keywords: Object, attribute, information system, information lattice, coarsening, diamond, region.


Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

The Impact of Cyberloafing on Employees’ Job Performance: A Review of Literature - Pages 16-28
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Sumera Syed, Harcharanjit Singh, Savithry K. Thangaraju, Noor Eazreen Bakri, Koh Yok Hwa and Prabakaran a/l Kusalavan

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2020.06.02

Published: 05 November 2020 

Abstract: Objectives: A controversy exists since long, among the researchers about the impact of cyberloafing on employees’ job performance. Some researchers study that cyberloafing distracts employees from their job descriptions; while others argue that cyberloafing is quite helpful in different ways to add quality to employees’ work. The aim of this paper is to review the past literature in order to understand the impact of cyberloafing in shaping up or destructing employees’ job performance. Moreover, the paper highlights the methodological analysis based on literature review. Future recommendations for the use of the internet by employees on office computers as well as other social media devices to enhance employees’ job performance are given.

Design: An organized review of the literature (1996- 2020) from information technology, business, management, and organizational behavior studies was performed. The topics studied were about internet, World Wide Web, cyberloafing, social media, employees’ job performance, employees’ engagement, employees’ productivity, and workplace environment.

Data Sources: Different research platforms such as ‘Research gate’, ‘Emerald’, ‘Jstor’, ‘Google Scholar’, ‘SCOPUS’, ‘ELSEVIER’, ‘SCIENCE DATA’, ‘Core’, ‘ScienceOpen’, ‘ERIC’, ‘Paperity’ and internet were used to read up literature.

Review Methods: Different articles written in English, related to employees’ behavior and performance as well as cyberloafing and social media, were studied.

Results: The review of literature showed that cyberloafing and social media significantly impact employees’ job performance. However, the findings were not consistent, and both the positive and negative impacts of cyberloafing and social media on employees’ performance were found.

Conclusion: The mixed findings indicate that cyberloafing can have both the positive and negative impact on employees’ job performance. In other words, a little bit cyberloafing is important for healthy communication, innovation and productivity; while the excessive unethical use of internet was found to have adverse effects on job performance. Therefore, it is recommended not to totally suppress cyberloafing but to devise cyberloafing control strategies which are equally acceptable to both the employees and employers. Hence, by the implementation of right cyberloafing control policies, positive outcomes of cyberloafing could be achieved.  

Keywords: Cyberloafing, Social media, Internet, web surfing, Goldbricking, Internet workplace leisure, Employees’ job performance, Employees’ productivity, Workplace environment, Literature review.



Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Capital Account Liberalization Indices: A Review of Literature - Pages 1-15
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Anjala Kalsie, Jappanjyot Kaur Kalra and Jyoti Dhamija

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2020.06.01

Published: 03 June 2020 

Abstract: The complexities of the global financial system have been increasing and the same is managed by implementation of capital controls by the nations. Therefore, it is important to understand what controls are and how the nations implement them. The aim of this paper is to analyze and understand the capital controls indices developed so far to measure financial openness or liberalization. Broadly the measures developed so far are categorized into de facto, de jure and hybrid measures. Each measure constructed has used different scale and hence the intensity and description of each measure is different also they cover different countries. 

Keywords: Capital Controls, Capital Account Liberalization, de jure, de facto and Hybrid measures.



Journal of Advances in Management Sciences & Information Systems

Interactional Justice Moderated the Effect of Protestant Work Ethic on Social Loafing
27-35Creative Commons License

Suchuan Zhang and Li Wang

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/2371-1647.2017.03.03

Published: 30 May 2017

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between Protestant work ethic and social loafing and whether interactional justice was a moderator of this linkage. Responses to the survey were analyzed using a sample of 406 from Shanxi province in China. The factor analysis indicated six dimensions of PWE, that is, admiration of work itself, success comes from hard work, work as an end, asceticism, ant-leisure, and internal control. Results showed that the dimensions of “Admiration of work itself” and “Ant-leisure” related significantly to social loading and interactional justice played a moderating role in the relationship between PWE and social loafing. The limitations and directions for future research are offered finally.

Keywords: Protestant work ethic, social loafing, interactional justice.